|H J RES 43 — Providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the final rule...||No|
|H J RES 69 — Providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the final rule...||No|
|H J RES 42 — Disapproving the rule submitted by the Department of Labor relating to drug testing of unemployment compe...||No|
|H J RES 66 — Disapproving the rule submitted by the Department of Labor relating to savings arrangements established b...||No|
February 12, 2016
House Energy and Commerce Committee
Referred to the Subcommittee on Health.
December 08, 2015
House Energy and Commerce Committee
Ordered to be Reported by Voice Vote.
July 21, 2015
House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee
Referred to the Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation.
Rep. Mark Takano
February 16, 2017
House Judiciary Committee
Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.
Rep. Zoe Lofgren
February 07, 2017
House Oversight and Government Reform Committee
Referred to House Oversight and Government Reform
Rep. Zoe Lofgren
February 07, 2017
House Foreign Affairs Committee
Referred to House Foreign Affairs
When the founding fathers created the Constitution they wanted to ensure that every citizen would be represented. They established two houses that make up Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives is composed of 435 voting members, the number of representatives each state is allotted is dependent on the population of the state. The Senate is made up of 100 members, two Senators from each state. By separating the two branches American citizens are guaranteed equal representation. The House and the Senate make up the Legislative Branch and work together to do many things allowing this government to continue working.
The Powers of Congress
In Article One of the United States Constitution details exactly what powers are given to Congress. Congress has the power to coin money; pass laws; regulate commerce with foreign countries; declare war; maintain a navy; support the military; create post offices and roads; and collect, levy, and raise taxes.
What does the Congresswoman do?
Congressmen and Congresswomen are publicly elected officials of the United States government, coming to Washington D.C. to representing the district and state from which they came.
To be qualified a representative must be at least 25 years old, a citizen of the US for a minimum of seven years, and a resident of the district they are representing. If elected as a Representative, a term lasts for two years.
Each Representative has varying obligations depending on the party affiliation and the length of time they have been in Congress. Often a Representative is part of a committee that focuses on a specific issue. One of the most important responsibilities a Representative has is to act as a mediator between their constituents and the federal government. Many times the constituents are concerned about a particular matter and it is the Representatives job to be their voice to the federal government and also articulate the actions of the federal government to the constituents.
Creating and enacting laws in one of the greatest responsibilities Congress has. A Bill can originate from either the U.S. House of Representatives or the U.S. Senate and is the most common form of legislation. To become a law the bill must be approved by both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate and requires the Presidents approval. There are two different types of bills, private-bills that affect a specific individual and public-bills that affect the general public. Any bill that deals with revenue always begins in the House of Representatives.
Writing a Bill
Almost anyone can write a bill; however the majority of bills that are introduced to Congress come from members or constituents.
Introducing a Bill
While the U.S. House of Representatives is in session, any Member, Delegate, or even Resident Commissioner can introduce a bill officially by placing it in the “hooper” which is a wooden box next to the Clerk’s desk. The Member that introduces the bill is considered the primary sponsor and there is no limit to the number of Members that can cosponsor a bill. Once introduced, the title of the bill is put into the House Journal and printed in the Congressional Record. The Clerk then assigns the bill a legislative number and the Speaker of the House allots it to the appropriate committee.
Bill is Sent to a Committee
A Committee is a group of Representatives who are knowledgeable on the specific topics such as education or foreign affairs. Committees are in both the House and Senate and play a vital role in the legislative process. Every committee has their own funding and staff. In the House the majority party controls two-thirds of the funding which in turn means that two-thirds of the staff is selected by the majority party. The minority party has one-third of the funding and selects one-third of the staff as well. Committees are required to meet at least once a month to discuss the bills given to them.
When the Bill reaches the specific committee the committee members study, research, and revises the bill very carefully before then voting on whether or not to send it back to the House floor.
If the committee decides it needs more information before voting on whether or not it should be sent back to the House floor, then they send it to a subcommittee- a smaller committee that is more focused on a specific issue. The subcommittee then closely examines the bill, gathers expert opinions and sends it back to the committee for approval.
Bill is Reported and Debated
If the committee approves the bill, it is reported to the House floor. Now back on the House floor the debate begins on whether or not the bill should become a law. The reading clerk reads the bill by each section and the Representatives recommend changes. Once the changes have been agreed upon and made then the bill is ready to be voted on.
Voting on a Bill
There are three different ways a bill can be voted on:
Bill is Sent to the Senate
Once the bill is on the Senate side, it goes through very similar steps as it did while in the House. After being sent to a committee and debated on the Senate floor, it is voted on again. If the majority supports the bill, it passes and is sent to the President for his approval.
Bill is Sent to the President
The President can do one of three things when a bill reaches him:
Bills are prefixed with H.R. when introduced in the House and S. when introduced in the Senate, and they are followed by a number based on the order in which they are introduced. The vast majority of legislative proposals are in the form of bills. Bills deal with domestic and foreign issues and programs, and they also appropriate money to various government agencies and programs.
Joint Resolutions are designated H.J. Res. or S.J. Res. and are followed by a number. Like a bill, a joint resolution requires the approval of both Chambers in identical form and the president’s signature to become law. The joint resolution is generally used for continuing or emergency appropriations.
Concurrent Resolutions, which are designated H.Con. Res. or S.Con. Res., and followed by a number, must be passed in the same form by both houses, but they do not require the signature of the president and do not have the force of law. Concurrent resolutions are generally used to make or amend rules that apply to both houses. They are also used to express the sentiments of both of the houses.
Simple Resolutions are designated H.Res. and S.Res., followed by a number. A simple resolution addresses matters entirely within the prerogative of one house, such as revising the standing rules of one Chamber. Simple resolutions are also used to express the sentiments of a single house.